Top 10 vegetables to plant in July

Who doesn’t like fresh vegetables and especially the ones that you grow yourself?

Throughout the late summer when the warm weather is in abundance and soil temperature is high, planting vegetables is a big project for many gardeners. 

While the long growing season isn’t limited to one month out of the year, planting in July is a great way to start your season.

You could plant anything from tomatoes to lettuce or carrots. So have a close read of this article so that you can understand and implement some of the best ways to grow vegetables in July. 

Here are ten of our favourite warm soil loving vegetables that are perfect to plant in July, along with their instructions!

Grow your own vegetables

Table of Contents

Lettuce

There are two options available when planting Lettuce:

  1. Lettuce in a container: First, you need to choose a light soil that drains well. Ideally, this would be made with one part compost or rich garden soil for every three parts of potting soil. Place it in the container, leaving about 1″ around the outside edges and moisten it lightly before adding your seeds three times as deep as they are wide. Add water until it is soaked thoroughly. Plant a second row to allow room for head growth without disturbing roots from plants above them by carefully tucking them back on top of each other just under the surface of loose dirt before spreading more moistened dirt around covering them.
  2. Directly into the soil: Plan on growing your lettuce from seed so that you get a head start on planting time because plants take about 15-25 days to mature before harvest depending upon variety. When sowing seeds, first prepare the garden bed by adding plenty of compost or rotted manure to loosen heavy. Sow two to three seeds per inch and thin out once sprouted to one plant every 6″ according to package directions.

Successful planting of lettuce requires the right kinds at the right time, in the right place and proper care thereafter. Lettuce comes in several different colours from green through various shades of reds, purples and even orangey-pink hues but most importantly it comes in a range of flavours from mild to tangy with spicy or sweet notes.

Growing Lettuce

Carrots

Carrots can be grown in soil, which is the traditional method. An ideal for beginners that will provide a good solid crop of straight carrots with their green tops. The technique involves making holes and dropping the baby carrot into them with enough soil to cover it up halfway so that rain doesn’t rot it or quickly dry out its top during hot weather.

Alternatively, you can plant 6 inches apart and pushing down 1-2 inches into the ground with 3-4 seeds per hole about 2-3 feet apart if using rows one foot apart, then carefully covering up each seed at least two times deep because they are not strong enough to push themselves through the hard ground on their own when germinating.

Plant rows of insect-proof mesh held away from the foliage with wire hoops to protect the carrots from carrot fly and ensuring a bumper crop.

growing carrots

Turnips

To plant turnips, start by scratching the area where you will be planting with a garden fork. This loosens the soil and creates holes. Fill these holes with well-drained compost or soil from another part of your yard, making sure that there are at least six inches of material on top of the ground (make sure this is looser than what was already lying atop the ground).

The late summer is a great time to do this as it allows natural mulch to form without you having to worry about leaving indentations in your garden in springtime when people are planting their gardens.

growing turnips

Dwarf French beans

French beans are one of the easiest vegetables to grow and generally, their vines will reach at least three feet, so planting them is quick. Sowing in rows that are 12 inches apart is ideal, if you are planting a row of these along a fence or wall then spacing 6 inches apart should do.

At first glance, French beans might seem like they need a lot of care which is why many people tend to forget about this option for vegetable crop planting. I assure you that the opposite is true, without providing too much fuss these plants can produce up to three harvests per season with good crops coming from mid-summer through early September where most plants will slow down.

Beans are a versatile garden vegetable. They grow in two different types: bush and pole beans. Bush beans grow compactly, and they do not need support structures when grown. Pole beans start out the same way but may reach up to 10 feet tall if left un-maintained by an external trellis or staking system.

Growing French Beans

Leeks

Leeks are easy to grow but take patience. The first step is to start planting your leeks in a sunny location that has deep, fertile soil and good drainage, the earlier in the spring you plant these plants, the better they will do.

Prepare the bed by digging a trench about four inches deep- this makes it easier for the leeks to get established because of increased airflow and excess water can be released more easily. Fill in around the leek with rich garden soil or compost (some people don’t bother adding anything at all). When sowing leeks like this in rows make sure they’re planted at least 15cm apart.

Keep planting leeks on a yearly basis because they will regrow from their roots. You can also harvest part of your crop rather than have them all in one go by removing 20 per cent of the plant after the first two weeks which should result in new growth sprouting back!

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Pak Choi

Pak choi is an Asian green vegetable that is widely available in supermarkets and from your local grocer. It’s best planted in early spring or very late summer, planting them any younger than these periods will result in a smaller crop.

In order to grow pak choi take a flat area of land or bed and prepare it by loosening the soil with either a garden fork or rototiller, this may be more ideal if you have clay-like, heavy clay soil whereas sandy or lighter soils can work just as well without needing tilling beforehand. Next, add compost to the area followed by planting seeds two inches deep then leaving them for one week before transplanting into their new homes (you will need 12″ away for each plant). They need to be planted in rows that are 18″ apart.

Peas

Peas, or garden peas, are easy vegetables to grow. You can sow pea seeds directly into the ground in early spring or get some early plants indoors from seed about three months earlier by using containers

When planting peas inside those containers, use soilless material such as shredded bark bits and combine it with a small amount of water before adding the seeds.

Once you plant your peas outside be sure not to cover them up too much with soil (about 3/4″) because that will prevent their roots from breathing but on the other hand don’t leave any of the stem exposed either or else they won’t grow properly!

Spring Cabbages

You can dig separate holes in rows or plant them closely together in little bunches with paper between clusters to keep them from overcrowding. Fill the hole with compost, water in well, and leave a couple of inches of space at the top of the hole for room to place more soil later. Plant seedlings or seeds one inch below ground level if planting cabbage (or three inches if using seeds).

Make sure that they are moist before covering up again with dirt so that they germinate better. Leave at least fifteen inches of space between cabbage plants.

Chard

You can dig separate holes in rows or plant them closely together in little bunches with paper between clusters to keep them from overcrowding. Fill the hole with compost, water in well, and leave a couple of inches of space at the top of the hole for room to place more soil later. Plant seedlings or seeds one inch below ground level if planting cabbage (or three inches if using seeds).

Make sure that they are moist before covering up again with dirt so that they germinate better. Leave at least fifteen inches of space between cabbage plants.

Florence Fennel

Rinse thoroughly to remove any grit from soil or roots when planting, Place fennel in rows about 1 ft apart in planting areas prepared with appropriate amounts of composted soil – rake soil smooth around plants; water well (stand back as they are large plants).

Fertilize monthly until transplanted with liquid organic fertilizer diluted by half or start watering weekly about a month before transplanting to maintain well-drained soil. This will help them grow faster and have fewer problems than slower-growing vegetables that require little maintenance.

Tomatoes

A gardeners favourite and hot weather loving plant. First, prepare the bed by adding organic matter. Next, plant seeds 18″ apart in rows 36″ apart and at least 6″; tamp the soil down firmly and water in well.

Keep young tomato plants well-watered, mulched with straw or chopped leaves to prevent weeds; when you plant tomatoes make sure it is sun-warmed because cool soil can reduce tomato plant growth from 5-10%. Tomatoes will need pruning regularly to offer better sunlight and fruit production. Make sure they’re getting adequate nutrients as tomatoes are heavy feeders (especially nitrogen) but on the plus side they don’t require much more watering than most vegetables which means you can use your more time enjoying their deliciousness!

Choose a variety that is appropriate for your area and suitable for spring plantings; if using containers it’s important to consider how much space there is, choosing smaller varieties such as ‘Cherry Tomato’ or ‘Pixie’. All tomato plants grow best when they are supported, so wireframes are usually used.

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