One of the larger categories probably due to the color red. Flowers that start with the letter R contain without competition my all-time favorite “Roses”! But read on, this is a long one with 34 plants included.
Table of Contents
Rainbow Cactus (Echinocereus Pectinatus)
Native to Mexico, Its scientific name comes from the Greek words ‘echinos’, meaning spiny, and ‘cereus’ meaning waxy. It grows in clumps with tall, narrow stems that can reach up to 6ft tall and are adorned with spines of various shades of pink, white and yellow. The flowers of Rainbow Cactus have a dark pink or red center surrounded by petals in shades of yellow, orange and green.
This species is one of the most popular decorative cacti due to its beautiful variety of colors and bold texture. They prefer semi-shaded areas as too much direct sunlight can burn their stems and dehydrate them. When grown outdoors they should be watered regularly during the warmest months so they don’t dry out. Indoors, they need bright indirect light and need to be watered sparingly only when the top soil layer is dry.
Rainbow Cactus is an easy houseplant to look after but can be challenging for beginner gardeners as it requires careful maintenance such as pruning its stems so that it doesn’t become spindly or overgrown. It also needs repotting every two years if kept indoors as its roots become congested quickly due to its high growth rate. When planting this species outdoors, make sure to choose a well-draining soil medium as it is prone to root rot caused by excess moisture in the soil.
Rampion (Campanula rapunculoides)
A species of bellflower native to European meadows and fields. It is an easily recognizable member of the bellflower family with its long stems and bright blue trumpet-shaped flowers. The plant was once commonly found in woodland clearings, roadsides and meadows throughout Europe but has since been eradicated from many areas due to agricultural practices and urbanization.
This wildflower is believed to have medicinal properties that can be beneficial for humans, notably for aiding digestion and reducing inflammation. It has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries in countries such as Germany, where it was officially recognized as a medicinal herb in the 19th century. Rampion was also traditionally used as a herbal remedy for treating various ailments such as skin conditions, stomach problems and menstrual cramps.
In addition to its medicinal uses, Rampion has been associated with folklore; it was thought to bring luck when planted near the home or carried on one’s person. In some areas of Europe, it was believed that the plant could repel witches and evil spirits. The fresh leaves of the plant were even eaten during medieval times due to their nutritional value. Today, Rampion continues to be cultivated and grown around the world as an ornamental flower or garden edible.
Rattail Cactus (Aporocactus Flagelliformis)
A species of cactus native to Mexico and parts of Central America. This evergreen plant is a climbing succulent that can reach around 6ft in height, with stems covered in white spines that are arranged in whorls of six or more. It has attractive, long red-purple-tipped flower clusters that grow from the sides of the stems, blooming for several months during the summer months. The flowers eventually give way to small fruits that contain many small black seeds.
This vibrant species is popular for its ease of care and as an ornamental houseplant. Rattail Cactus does best in bright indirect light and prefers sandy, well-draining soil mix with some organic matter added for extra nutrients. During the warmest months it should be kept slightly moist but not soggy; allowing the topsoil layer to dry out between waterings prevents root rot. Fertilize biweekly using a balanced fertilizer during active growth periods and repot every two years or so when needed.
Rattail Cactus makes an interesting addition to any garden or home due to its unusual shape and bright colors. Pruning can help keep it manageable, but it’s important to wear gloves while handling these plants as their spines can be sharp and irritating on skin contact. Aside from its aesthetic appeal, this species also has edible fruit that can add a sweet flavor to dishes like salads or sauces!
Rattlesnake primary (Eryngium yuccifolium)
An attractive perennial herbaceous plant native to the central and eastern United States. It tends to grow in dry, sunny habitats such as sand plains, savannas and open woodlands. This species is characterized by its strong blue-green foliage with a unique ‘yuccafied’ shape and serrated edges that resemble a rattlesnake’s rattle. The flower heads are a bright yellow-green in color and consist of hundreds of tiny little flowers that give off a pungent smell when disturbed.
The leaves are edible and can be used fresh or dried for tea. They have an astringent taste similar to that of tea tree oil, which can make them difficult to eat raw but makes them great for flavoring dishes. The roots, however, should not be ingested as they can be toxic in large quantities. It is also important to note that the saponins present in Rattlesnake primary are known to cause skin irritation if handled without gloves or proper protection.
In traditional medicine, Rattlesnake primary has long been used as a diuretic, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory agent among many other uses. Recent studies have shown it may have potential as an anti-cancer drug due to its high levels of antioxidant compounds such as eryngiolide A and B which inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells in vitro. In addition to being medicinal, Eryngium yuccifolium has also been used as a dye for cloths due to its intense blue-green hue which is extracted from the leaves when boiled into a decoction.
Rebutia (Rebutia Albiflora)
An ornamental succulent native to South America, primarily Argentina and Bolivia. This amazing species of cactus is part of the Cactaceae family and consists of a variety of different shapes and sizes. Rebutia can reach heights of up to 6 inches with a spread of about 8-10 inches. It produces small yet vivid flowers that usually bloom in the late spring or summer months. The flowers are usually yellow or bright orange in color and have many petals arranged in a stunning star shape.
The leaves of Rebutia Albiflora are short but thick, greyish-green in color with attractive white spines throughout. This cactus is also known to be quite drought tolerant due to its fleshy leaves which store water, making it ideal for those with busy lifestyles who can’t provide frequent watering. Further, this species prefers alkaline soil and lots of direct sunlight – perfect for creating a vibrant display on window ledges or balconies!
Like many cacti, Rebutia is easy to propagate through stem cuttings or offsets that form around the base of the plant’s stems. When grown outdoors, it should be protected from extreme temperatures such as frost or heatwaves as direct exposure may cause damage to the foliage or blooms. It also requires minimal maintenance; simply remove any dead flower heads or excess growth as needed for best results!
Rebutia (Weingartia Neocumingii)
An incredibly attractive succulent cactus species are native to the deserts of Peru. This beautiful cactus is short in stature, reaching heights of just 8-10 inches with a spread of about 6 inches. It produces vibrant blooms that generally appear during the summer months and can range in color from yellow to orange or even pink depending on the variety.
The leaves of Rebutia Weingartia are thick and fleshy, typically grayish-green in color with white spines throughout. It forms a small central stem with many offsets around it that can be used for propagation. Unlike many other cacti, this species prefers slightly alkaline soil and lots of direct sunlight – perfect for balconies or window ledges!
This variety of Rebutia is known for its extreme drought tolerance due to its ability to store water in its leaves, making it ideal for busy lifestyles that don’t have time to water plants frequently. It’s also relatively easy to care for; simply remove any dead flower heads or excess growth as needed for the best results! In addition, due to its low maintenance requirements and stunning appearance, Rebutia Weingartia has become quite popular among both hobbyists and professional landscapers alike.
In traditional medicine, this species has been used as a diuretic agent as well as an anti-inflammatory medication due to its high levels of antioxidant compounds such as eryngiolide A and B which inhibit the growth of cancer cells in vitro. The saponins present in this variety are also known to cause skin irritation if handled without gloves or proper protection – so it’s important to wear protective gear when handling these plants!
Rebutia Heliosa (Rebutia Heliosa)
A species of cactus native to the deserts of Argentina and Bolivia. It is part of the Cactaceae family and typically grows up to 8-10 inches in height. Its fleshy leaves are bright green in color with white spines throughout, while its flowers may range in color from yellow to orange or even pink depending on the variety.
This succulent cactus is incredibly drought tolerant due to its ability to store water in its leaves, making it ideal for busy lifestyles that don’t have time for frequent watering. It prefers slightly alkaline soil and lots of direct sunlight – perfect for balconies or window ledges! In addition, Rebutia Heliosa requires minimal maintenance; simply remove any dead flower heads or excess growth as needed for best results!
In traditional medicine, this species has been used as a diuretic agent as well as an anti-inflammatory medication due to its high levels of antioxidant compounds such as eryngiolide A and B which inhibit the growth of cancer cells in vitro. The saponins present in this variety are also known to cause skin irritation if handled without gloves or proper protection – so it’s important to wear protective gear when handling these plants!
More specifically, Rebutia Heliosa is known for its long-lasting flowering period; some varieties will produce blooms throughout late spring and summer while others will bloom all year round! Furthermore, due to its low maintenance requirements and stunning appearance, Rebutia Heliosa has become quite popular among both hobbyists and professional landscapers alike.
Red campion (Silene dioica “Clifford Moor”)
A species of flowering plant native to Europe. It is part of the Silene genus and typically grows to be about 2-3 feet tall. The leaves are oblong in shape and have a toothed margin, while the flowers are pink in color with five petals. Red campion is typically found in woodlands, hedgerows, and grasslands.
This plant is relatively easy to grow and care for, making it a popular choice among gardeners. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Red campion will flower from June to September and is a popular choice for cut flowers.
In addition to its visual appeal, red campion is also known for its medicinal properties. The plant has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments such as coughs, colds, and stomach problems. The leaves and flowers of the plant can be made into teas or tinctures, while the root can be dried and powdered for use in capsules or tablets.
Red hot poker (Kniphofia caulescens)
Also known as torch lily or kniphofia, is a perennial plant native to Southern Africa. It produces bright red-orange flowers that can be seen between the months of June and October. The flower heads are made up of many individual florets which create an attractive, cone-shape. This particular species of Kniphofia is one of the most commonly used varieties grown in gardens and landscapes. It is noted for its tall, spiky foliage and long-lasting blooms that come in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, red and even purple.
This plant thrives in sunny spots with well-drained soil and requires little maintenance once established. It’s important to note that red-hot poker does not tolerate drought conditions and should be irrigated during prolonged dry spells. They are ideal for adding height to flowerbeds as they generally grow from 60 – 90cm in height. For best results plant them at the back of your flowerbeds so their tall stems won’t be overshadowed by other plants.
Red hot poker provides more than just attractive flowers for your garden; it has medicinal properties too! Infusions prepared from the leaves are said to have anti-inflammatory properties while decoctions made from the roots can help to treat feverish symptoms as well as malaria, dysentery and jaundice. In some parts of Southern Africa, this plant is used as a medicinal remedy for headaches caused by excessive alcohol consumption or ‘hangover’.
Red Torch Cactus (Echinopsis Huascha)
Native of South America, specifically Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. It’s a member of the cactus family and is known for its red or orange flowers that bloom in the summer. The plant typically grows to be about 2-3 feet tall and has spines along its stems. While it’s not the largest cactus out there, it’s still an impressive sight when in full bloom.
This cactus does best in full sun and well-drained soil. It’s relatively easy to care for and doesn’t require a lot of water. In fact, too much water can actually be harmful to the plant. The Red Torch Cactus is also known to be quite resilient and can even survive periods of drought.
While it’s often grown as an ornamental plant, the Red Torch Cactus has a number of medicinal uses. The Native Americans used it to treat a variety of ailments such as headaches, colds, and stomach problems. The leaves and flowers of the plant can be made into teas or tinctures, while the root can be dried and powdered for use in capsules or tablets.
Red twig dogwood (Cornus)
A shrub native to North America and Eastern Asia, which can also be found in Europe. It’s an attractive deciduous shrub with bright red stems that stand out against the white and green foliage. In the fall, its leaves turn yellow-gold and contrast with the intense red stems. This plant typically grows to between 2-6 feet tall and wide, making it ideal for planting as a hedge or a privacy screen.
In addition to being attractive, Red twig dogwood has many medicinal uses. The bark of the plant contains tannins which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Native Americans used this herb for medicinal purposes such as reducing fever, calming coughs, treating sore throats, and relieving headaches.
The plant is also known for its versatility when it comes to soil type and conditions; it will thrive even in poor soils with low fertility. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade as well. Red twig dogwood is also easy to care for – all you need to do is trim it back each year after the blooming season as this will help keep the shape compact and encourage more vigorous growth. Additionally, adding some fertilizer once every two years can help keep the soil fertile and nourished.
Red valerian (Centranthus ruber)
Also known as Jupiter’s beard and sometimes as a key flower, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant native to the Mediterranean region. It grows to heights of 1-2 feet and produces white, pink, or red flowers that appear in clusters during late spring and summer. Red valerian has a long history of medicinal use. In traditional Chinese medicine, it was used to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea, and constipation. In Europe and North America, it was used as an antispasmodic, diuretic, stimulant, and laxative.
The leaves of Red valerian can be used to make an infusion or tea which is said to help reduce stress and anxiety due to its calming properties. The root can also be dried and powdered for use in tinctures or capsules. Additionally, the plant can be made into a topical salve which is said to help relieve neuralgia, rheumatism, and sciatica pain associated with arthritis.
In modern times Red valerian is still used medicinally but it also makes a great addition to any garden due to its attractive flowers and fragrant foliage. It prefers full sun although partial shade will suffice if provided with adequate moisture levels and soil fertility. This plant does best in moist but well-drained soils with pH levels ranging from 6–7.5 and should be fertilized once every two years with a balanced fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK).
Red valerian is easy to propagate by taking stem cuttings or root divisions during the fall season while they are actively growing or by seeding directly into prepared beds or pots filled with a loose organic potting mix that contains some sand for drainage purposes. Once established this plant requires little maintenance aside from occasional trimming when necessary in order to keep its shape compact and tidy looking.
Red-veined dock (Rumex sanguineus)
A perennial herb native to Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. It has dark green leaves that are lanceolate in shape with prominent reddish veins, giving it its common name. The plant grows to 30-90 cm tall and produces small yellow flowers in June and July on erect stems. When mature, the plant will also produce red-brown seeds which can help spread the plant further.
The leaves of Red-veined dock are edible when cooked and have a mild flavor similar to spinach. The leaves contain high amounts of vitamin C, iron, and calcium making them an excellent source of nutrition for humans and animals alike. In traditional medicine, the leaves were used to treat anaemia due to their iron content as well as other ailments such as stomach ulcers, kidney problems and skin disorders.
Red-veined dock prefers a sunny location with moist but well-drained soil but will tolerate most soil types as long as it gets adequate moisture levels. Once established, this plant requires little maintenance aside from occasional trimming when necessary in order to keep its shape compact and tidy looking. Additionally, adding some fertilizer once every two years can help keep the soil fertile and nourished.
This hardy species is often used in landscaping projects due to its attractive foliage and low maintenance requirements. It makes an excellent ground cover or filler between shrubs or trees in rock gardens or wildflower meadows because it tolerates both drought conditions and shade quite easily. This is also a great choice for butterfly gardens due to its attractive flowers providing nectar for pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
Redvein Enkianthus (Enkianthus campanulatus)
An attractive, deciduous shrub native to East Asia. It is often grown for its showy, bell-shaped blooms, which range in color from pale pink to deep red and appear in late spring and early summer. The foliage of this plant also has a lot to offer, with drooping branches that are adorned with mid-green leaves that turn yellow and orange in the fall.
This shrub usually grows between two and five metres tall and wide on average and can thrive in a variety of soil types as long as it has good drainage. Redvein Enkianthus prefers full sun or partial shade but will tolerate some light shade for part of the day. It does best when planted in an area that doesn’t experience extreme temperatures or strong winds. This plant should be watered regularly during the growing season but should not be over-watered as this can lead to root rot and other issues associated with too much moisture.
Redvein Enkianthus is an excellent choice for screening and hedging due to its size and form when mature. Additionally, this species is quite hardy and can withstand both cold winter temperatures as well as short periods of drought quite easily. As such, it makes a great addition to any garden for those looking for low-maintenance greenery throughout the year!
Regal geranium (Pelargonium × domesticum)
An evergreen perennial plant that features bright, showy blooms in a variety of colors including white, pink, purple and red. It can reach heights of up to 15 inches with a spread of 12-18 inches, making it an ideal choice for filling in small spaces in the garden or as part of a cascading container display. The leaves are glossy dark green or variegated with shades of gray or silver and are deeply divided into five lobes.
The flowers of the regal geranium are quite large and possess the classic “geranium” shape, having five petals with pointed tips. They appear from mid-spring to early summer and last for two to three weeks depending on the weather and how often they are deadheaded and fertilized. The plant does best when grown in areas that receive full sun to partial shade but is also tolerant of drought conditions once established.
This species is a great choice for beginner gardeners because it is very easy to care for and maintain. Regular watering when temperatures are warm should be sufficient but they will require more frequent watering if planted in containers or during dry periods. Additionally, regular deadheading will encourage more blooms while trimming the plants back lightly after flowering will help keep them looking neat and tidy all season long. Fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer every couple of months during active growth periods can also help increase flower production and the overall health of the plant.
Reticulated iris (Iris reticulata)
A species of flowering plant that belongs to the genus Iris. It is native to the Caucasus Mountains and can be found in various parts of Central Asia, including in Afghanistan, Iran, the Himalayas and China. The plant is also known as Netted Irid or Dwarf Iris, and it grows to an average height of 8-10 inches with a spread of 6-12 inches.
The leaves of the Reticulated iris are lanceolate shaped and typically measure between 4-8 inches long. They have a vibrant green hue which goes well with their beautiful bright purple flowers that usually measure around 1 inch across. These flowers bloom in April and May and have a sweet aroma which attracts pollinators.
Reticulated iris is mainly grown for its ornamental value in gardens or as potted plants. It requires well-drained soil and can tolerate both full sun and shade but prefers partial shade for optimal growth. This plant is low maintenance, requiring minimal care throughout its life cycle; however, it may need deadheading at times to keep looking tidy and fresh. Additionally, proper watering during summer will provide enough nutrients for the plant to thrive through autumn.
Rex Begonia (Begonia rex cultorum)
An evergreen perennial plant that originated in Southeast Asia and is now found in many parts of the world. It is a popular houseplant due to its attractive foliage and vibrant flowers. The leaves are leathery, and glossy and come in various shapes, sizes and colors from dark green to maroon with silver or bronze markings. These leaves are usually arranged in clusters around the stems giving the plant a full, bushy appearance.
The flowers of Rex Begonia can be single or double-headed and range from white through pink to red with yellow centers. They bloom in spring and summertime although some cultivars are known for blooming throughout the year if given enough light. As such, it makes a great addition to any garden where color is needed all year round. Rex Begonia prefers bright but indirect sunlight as too much direct sun can cause fading of the leaf markings over time.
When it comes to soil, Rex Begonia prefers something nutrient-rich which has been amended with organic matter or compost. This type of soil should be kept moist but not wet as too much moisture could lead to root rot issues. Additionally, it’s important to fertilize your Rex Begonias regularly with a balanced fertilizer that promotes healthy growth while keeping an eye out for pests such as aphids or mealybugs which may be attracted by the sweet scents from the flowers and foliage.
Rhipsalis Neves Armondii (Rhipsalis Neves Armondii)
A species of cactus native to South America, particularly Brazil and Venezuela. It is an epiphytic plant, meaning it grows on other plants such as trees or other shrubs, but does not feed off them. The stems are slender and lanky, growing up to 3 feet tall with thin branches stemming from the main stem. The leaves of Rhipsalis Neves Armondii are small and round with a white powdery coating that helps protect the leaves during dry spells. The flowers are cup-shaped and greenish-white in color, appearing in clusters along the length of the stems.
Rhipsalis Neves Armondii prefers bright light but will tolerate some shade, especially during the summer months when temperatures are high and direct sunlight can cause leaf burn or scorch marks on the foliage. Its soil should be kept slightly moist at all times by watering thoroughly every couple of weeks using lukewarm water. Additionally, fertilizing your Rhipsalis with a balanced fertilizer once or twice a year can help promote healthy growth while providing essential nutrients for blooming. This plant is generally pest-free but keep an eye out for mealybugs which may be attracted to its sugary sap if left unchecked. With proper care, this plant will continue to thrive indoors or outdoors in gardens with little need for pruning or trimming beyond occasional deadheading.
Rhododendron is a genus of flowering plants in the Ericaceae family that is native to many parts of the world including North America, Europe, and Asia. It is one of the most popular garden plants due to its vibrant and often fragrant blooms. The flowers come in a wide array of colors from white to pink, purple, red and orange. Depending on the species, these blooms can be single or double-headed and appear between late winter and mid-summer.
The genus includes over 1,000 different species of evergreen and deciduous shrubs as well as small trees ranging from 2 – 40 feet in height depending on the variety. They have thick leathery leaves that range in color from deep green to yellowish green with some varieties even having grey foliage or attractive variegation. Rhododendrons prefer partial shade for best growth but will tolerate full sun if given adequate water during dry spells.
The soil should be kept moist but not wet and it’s important to use an acidic soil mix for optimal results as most varieties do not tolerate alkaline soils very well. Additionally, regular fertilizing using a balanced fertilizer will help promote healthy growth as will proper pruning and deadheading at least once a year so that new buds can form without any hindrance from old flowers or foliage. Additionally, it’s important to keep an eye out for pests such as aphids or mealybugs which can be attracted by sweet nectar secreted by the blooms and foliage of this gorgeous flower.
Robins plantain (Erigeron pulchellus)
A herbaceous perennial flower that is native to North America and Europe. It grows in moist, shaded areas and can reach up to two feet in height when mature. The flowers are small, white, and daisy-like with yellow centers while the foliage consists of slender stems with soft green leaves that are finely scalloped on the edges.
Robins plantain is a low-maintenance plant that can tolerate full sun or partial shade as long as its soil remains moist. It prefers more organic soils such as loam but will tolerate clay soils if well drained. When planting, space your Robins Plantains about 18 inches apart as they have a tendency to spread quickly. The flowers appear from late spring through early fall and attract butterflies and bees due to their sweet nectar.
Robins plantain has many medicinal uses including anti-inflammatory properties which can reduce pain and swelling from injuries or arthritis as well as aiding in reducing fever symptoms due to its cooling effects. Additionally, it has been used traditionally to treat ailments such as digestive issues, skin conditions such as eczema, menstrual cramps relief, colds and flu relief, stress reduction and more. All parts of the plant including roots, leaves and flowers can be used for various remedies with proper dosing instructions depending on the desired outcome ensuring safety at all times when using this beautiful flower medicinally or otherwise!
Rocket larkspur (Consolida ambigua)
A flowering plant in the Ranunculaceae family that is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. It can reach heights of up to 24 inches and produces beautiful, deep blue flowers with five petals that are clustered together atop long stems. The foliage consists of finely divided, hairy leaves that can provide a striking contrast against the bright blue blooms.
Rocket larkspur grows best in full sun or partial shade and prefers well-drained soil rather than one that is overly moist as this will cause its roots to rot. This plant has naturalized in some regions due to its ability to spread quickly though it should not be considered an invasive species as it does not typically overpower native species when planted. Additionally, the flowers are quite attractive and may attract pollinators such as bees or butterflies into your garden which can offer an added benefit for other plants in the area!
Rocket larkspur is drought tolerant, making it an ideal choice for dry gardens or locations with limited water access. Furthermore, its showy blooms make it an excellent cut flower for floral arrangements indoors or out. It’s also known to be deer resistant so if you live in an area with heavy deer populations this could be a great option for your garden! The plant should be deadheaded regularly to promote continuous bloom throughout the summer months and may require occasional pruning depending on how much growth you want to encourage each season.
Rocky mountain iris (Iris missouriensis)
A species of flowering plant in the Iridaceae family. It is native to the Rocky Mountains in North America, where it can be found growing on rocky slopes and in meadows. The flowers of this species bloom from late spring to early summer with 1-3 blooms per stem, giving off an amazing sweet scent. They are typically white or pale bluish-purple, with yellowish-brown markings along the veins and a yellow center. Each flower has three petals and three sepals that are slightly hairy, which helps them shed water so they don’t get too heavy after rain showers.
The foliage of Rocky mountain iris consists of long strap-like leaves that can reach up to 24 inches in length and are usually somewhat glossy in appearance. These lush green leaves create a beautiful backdrop for the gorgeous blooms this species produces each year. In addition to its beauty, Rocky mountain iris is also quite hardy, able to survive cold winters and temperatures as low as -30°F (-34°C).
This plant does best when planted in well-drained soil that is moderately moist with plenty of organic matter added for fertility. It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade if necessary – though it may not bloom as heavily when grown in these conditions. Additionally, this species is surprisingly drought tolerant once established; however, regular watering during extended periods of hot weather will help keep plants healthy and prevent wilting during particularly hot summers. To promote reblooming throughout the summer months, deadhead spent blooms regularly to encourage more growth and flowering.
Rodgersia (Rodgersia aesculifolia)
A herbaceous perennial that is native to China, Japan, and Korea. It is part of the Saxifragaceae family and typically grows in wet soil conditions such as marshes, ponds, and stream banks. This plant can reach heights of up to 4 feet tall and has large leaves that are either green or red-tinted. Its flowers are small white or pinkish-red blossoms that bloom in clusters in the summertime, with each cluster containing anywhere from 5-20 individual blooms.
The leaves of Rodgersia are large, pointed ovals with serrated edges that come to a sharp point at the tip. They range in color from deep green to reddish-bronze depending on the variety and can be glossy or dull depending on their age. The foliage is evergreen so it provides interest in gardens year-round even after the flowers have finished blooming.
This plant prefers filtered sunlight and moist soil for optimal growth but can tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions including dampness and dryness at different times throughout its cropping cycle. It is also quite drought resistant once established making it an ideal choice for gardens where water conservation is important.
In addition to being attractive additions to gardens, Rodgersia also serves several useful medicinal purposes as well such as treating skin issues like psoriasis and eczema as well as providing antiseptic benefits when applied topically for cuts and wounds. The root has been used historically as a herbal remedy for ailments such as headaches, colds, fever, diarrhoea, indigestion and even epilepsy!
Roof iris (Iris tectorum)
A species of flowering plant that belongs to the Iridaceae family. Native to China and Japan, this plant is known for its beautiful blue-purple flowers that look similar to pansies. The foliage of Roof iris consists of sword-shaped leaves with smooth edges and can range in color from bright green to greyish-green. This species typically blooms from mid-spring through early summer with each stem having up to three blooms.
The flowers of Roof iris are a striking combination of purples, blues, and whites with yellow anthers at their centers. Each bloom is cup-shaped and consists of six large petals radiating outward from the center, creating an eye-catching display when planted in groups or as a border on garden beds. Additionally, Roof iris flowers also have a subtle sweet scent which attracts butterflies and bees – making them great additions to gardens looking for some extra pollinator action!
Roof iris prefers moist soil conditions but will tolerate some dryness during periods of drought if necessary. It does best when planted in full sun but will also thrive in partial shade conditions as well. While this plant is fairly hardy and tolerant of most environmental conditions, it will benefit from regular watering during extended hot weather spells as well as occasional fertilizer applications throughout the growing season for optimal growth and flowering. Deadheading spent blooms regularly will also help promote reblooming throughout the season.
Roses (Rosa rubiginosa)
Roses are the most popular and beloved flowers in the world, known for their beautiful heads of petals and sweet scent. A member of the genus Rosa, these shrubs and vines have a long and storied history, with references to them found in nearly every culture on earth dating back centuries. Roses come in a variety of colors, from deep reds to vibrant yellows and oranges, as well as numerous sizes ranging from low-growing ground covers to towering climbers. The leaves of the rose bush can be glossy green or even tinged with red or purple hues for added interest.
Roses are especially beloved for their fragrant blooms which appear in shades of white, pink, yellow, orange and red depending on the species. The scent is often described as being intensely floral with hints of fruitiness. These blooms usually have five petals but some varieties may have more or less depending on the cultivar. Additionally, roses also produce showy hips (fruits) after flowering which contain seeds that can be used for propagation if desired.
When it comes to caring requirements, roses are fairly versatile plants that prefer well-drained soil and full sun but can tolerate some shade if needed. They need regular watering during hot weather spells to keep them looking healthy and happy but should never be overwatered as this can lead to root rot or other issues. Pruning should occur annually in late winter/early spring before new growth begins to ensure that plants stay healthy and remain within your desired size range. Additionally, mulching around roses helps insulate roots from extreme temperature changes as well offer protection from weeds which can compete with your chosen rose varieties for nutrients and water during dry spells.
Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos)
A species of flowering plant that belongs to the Malvaceae family. Native to North America, this plant is known for its large, colorful flowers that bloom in the summertime. The leaves of Rose Mallow are heart-shaped, lobed, and deep green in color with serrated edges. In addition, the leaves can grow up to 6 inches long and have a fuzzy texture.
The flowers of Rose Mallow are large and showy with five petals that range in color from white to pink and even purple. Each flower has a rosy center with yellow stamens that protrude outward – creating an eye-catching display when grown en masse or as a border along garden beds. Additionally, Rose Mallow flowers also have a pleasant fragrance which attracts butterflies and bees – making them great additions to gardens looking for extra pollinator action!
Rose Mallow prefers moist soil conditions but will tolerate some dryness during periods of drought if necessary. It does best when planted in full sun but will also thrive in partial shade conditions as well. While this plant is fairly hardy and tolerant of most environmental conditions, it will benefit from regular watering during extended hot weather spells as well as occasional fertilizer applications throughout the growing season for optimal growth and flowering. Deadheading spent blooms regularly will also help promote reblooming throughout the season.
This species can reach heights of up to 8 feet tall with an equal spread so it should be placed at least 3 feet away from other plants or structures when planted outdoors. Additionally, they can also be grown indoors in containers where they’ll reach heights of around 3-4 feet tall depending on their pot size which makes them ideal choices for smaller spaces such as apartments or balconies!
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
An evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean region that has been utilized for centuries, both in cooking and as a healing herb. It has a fragrant, slightly lemon-like scent and its small, needle-like leaves are green on top with a silver-white underside. Rosemary blooms during springtime with small clusters of blue or purple flowers that have a camphor-like fragrance and which attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
The herb is fairly easy to grow in most temperate climates and prefers sandy soil conditions with full sun or partial shade exposure. It’s also known for being drought tolerant but will benefit from occasional watering during dry periods or when planted in containers outdoors. Pruning after flowering can help promote bushier growth while fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer every few months will further encourage healthy foliage production and flower formation.
Rosemary has traditionally been used as a culinary flavoring, particularly popular with roast meats such as lamb. But it can also be added to soups, stews or sauces for added flavor, used as a herbal tea, or made into essential oils for topical application or aromatic use. Additionally, Rosemary is renowned for its medicinal properties and is believed to have antioxidant benefits that may help reduce inflammation within the body.
Rosemary is one of the most versatile herbs in the garden; it has so many uses! Whether you’re growing it for food or medicine, this hardy shrub will add beauty to your yard all year round!
Rosinweed sunflower (Helianthus silphioides)
An annual member of the daisy family native to the central and eastern United States. It grows to a height of 3-5 feet, displaying large yellow flower heads which bloom in summer. The plant has several common names such as compass plant, rough sunflower, and poor man’s weather vane due to its ability to tilt its leaves towards the direction of the wind.
The leaves of Rosinweed sunflower are lanceolate in shape, covered with hairs on both surfaces, and have a characteristic white or yellow resin along their edges. These plants typically produce one or two flower heads per stem but can produce up to five when grown in ideal conditions. The flowers are bright yellow with a circumference of 1-3 inches across. Each flower head contains many small florets that give off an intense aroma while they are blooming.
This species is quite adaptable and can tolerate harsh conditions such as drought and poor soils; however, providing regular watering during dry spells will help ensure optimal growth and flowering. Additionally, it prefers full sun exposure but will also thrive in partial shade if necessary. Deadheading spent flowers will help promote reblooming throughout summertime if desired.
Roundleaf Liverleaf (Anemone americana)
Also known as American Windflower, is a low-growing herbaceous perennial native to North America. It is a member of the buttercup family and produces delicate white or pink flowers with yellow centers from early spring to late fall. The plant prefers moist, well-drained soils but can tolerate drier conditions and partial to full sun exposure.
The foliage of Roundleaf Liverleaf consists of deeply divided, 3-lobed leaves which are light green in color and covered with soft hairs. When the plant blooms, masses of small cup-shaped flowers appear atop slender stalks. These 4-petaled flowers have ruffled edges with yellow centers composed of numerous stamens and pistils. Each flower head typically measures about 1 inch across and is highly attractive to pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.
As the flowers fade away, they are replaced by puffy seed heads which persist into wintertime providing additional interest in the garden until new growth reappears again in the springtime. The plant spreads by self-seeding or through propagation via root division; this allows it to form large colonies that provide a lush ground cover effect in beds and borders.
Roundleaf liverleaf has several medicinal properties associated with it including anti-inflammatory effects which may help treat various skin ailments or reduce inflammation within the body. The leaves can be boiled down into a paste for topical application on the skin while the root can be used as an ointment or herbal tea when dried first. Additionally, its fragrant flowers make a beautiful addition to cut arrangements indoors where they will last significantly longer than when kept outdoors.
Rue (Ruta graveolens)
An evergreen, bushy shrub native to Europe and Western Asia. It is a member of the Rutaceae family and grows to a height of 1-3 feet, displaying deeply cut green leaves with an aromatic scent and yellowish-green flowers. This plant has been used medicinally for centuries and is traditionally thought to help reduce inflammation, protect against infection, and improve digestive issues.
Rue can be grown in a variety of soils but prefers sandy or loamy soil with good drainage. It should be placed in full sun although it can tolerate partial shade as well. When growing outdoors, it will need regular water during summertime; however, over-watering can lead to root rot so allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Over time, this small shrub will spread by self-seeding producing multiple large clumps that add texture and color contrast to the garden throughout summertime until fall when the foliage turns yellow and dies back.
Although rue has many medicinal benefits, it can also be toxic if taken in excessive amounts as it contains volatile oils which may cause nausea or vomiting if ingested too much. As such, it should not be taken internally without proper medical supervision. However, topically it is generally safe and can be used as a poultice or decoction on the skin to ease pain or reduce inflammation associated with joint problems like arthritis or gout. Additionally, its distinct aroma makes it an excellent natural insect repellent against common pests such as fleas and ants when added to bathwater or sprays.
Historically Rue was often used in religious ceremonies due to its strengthening properties; it was thought that inhaling its scent would strengthen one’s faith while touching it brought protection from evil spirits! In more modern times, this herb is still popularly used for culinary purposes as well; its pungent taste adds a unique flavor to salads or cooked dishes like stews and soups making them even more delicious!
Rusty foxglove (Digitalis ferruginea)
A herbaceous perennial native to the Mediterranean region, with a preference for limestone soil and sunny locations. It typically grows in a mound shape to a height of 2-3 feet, with silvery-green ovate leaves and clusters of distinctive yellow tubular flowers. The flowers are speckled with rusty orange spots along the throats and bloom from late spring into summer. This species has been widely cultivated throughout Europe since the 19th century due to its attractive bell-shaped blooms and naturalizing ability; it makes an excellent choice for cottage gardens or mixed borders as it adds bright color and texture to any garden setting.
When planting, Rusty foxglove should be given plenty of room as it can spread quickly by self-seeding; this allows it to form large colonies that can reach up to 5 feet wide! Suitable companions include other perennials such as daylilies and daisies which will help fill out any gaps in between the foliage. In terms of maintenance, deadheading spent flowers can help encourage additional blooming while cutting back the stalks in late fall may help reduce any potential winter dieback. Additionally, this plant is drought tolerant once established so watering should only be necessary during periods of extreme heat or drought stress.
Medicinally, Rusty foxglove contains several compounds known as digitalis glycosides which are used in heart medications due to their ability to slow down a racing heartbeat or correct irregular heart rhythms. These same compounds are also believed to have anticancer properties although further research is still needed before these claims can be confirmed definitively. Regardless, this species is an interesting addition to any landscape, providing visual interest throughout all seasons while helping add life-saving medicinal qualities when consumed responsibly!