Chicken Coop Floor (These are the best flooring materials)

When it comes to raising chickens, one of the most important things you need to think about is their living environment. A clean and comfortable coop is key when it comes to the health and well-being of our feathered friends.

One aspect of coop maintenance that often gets overlooked is the flooring. The type of material you choose for your chicken coop floor can have a significant impact on the overall health and hygiene of your flock.

There are various types of bedding materials available, each with its own set of pros and cons. Choosing the right one can ensure that your chickens are happy, healthy, and productive.

chicken coop floor options

Table of Contents

Selecting the Right Chicken Coop Flooring

Understanding Flooring Materials

When it comes to building a chicken coop, selecting the right flooring is key for the well-being of your chickens. There are several chicken coop flooring options available, each with its own pros and cons. Here are some flooring materials to consider:

  • Concrete: This durable option is easy to clean and deters burrowing predators. However, it can be expensive and is not easily movable.

  • Wood: A popular choice for coop floors, wood provides a sturdy base but is susceptible to rot and requires regular maintenance.

  • Dirt: A dirt floor is natural and gentle on a chicken’s feet but may require more effort to keep it clean and dry.

Choosing the Right Floor

To select the best flooring for your own chicken coop, consider factors like cleaning, durability, and predator protection. Additionally, think about your desired coop size and whether it will be stationary or movable.

For a permanent chicken coop, concrete flooring is a strong option with excellent durability and predator prevention. 

If you plan to move your coop occasionally, a wood or dirt flooring, might be more suitable, offering a balance between stability and portability.

Don’t forget to account for your local climate and weather patterns. A well-insulated wood floor might be ideal for colder climates, while a dirt floor would work better in warmer regions where moisture evaporation is helpful.

best chicken coop

Exploring Different Types of Flooring Materials

In the sections below, we will explore different types of chicken coop flooring materials. There are some obvious standouts, along with some options that you may have not even thought to consider… Let’s have a look:


Concrete is a popular option for chicken coop flooring because of it’s many advantages. It creates a smooth and solid surface that helps keep pests like lice, mites, and ticks at bay.

Concrete flooring is also easy to clean since it can be swept or hosed down with minimal effort. Additionally, it provides protection from digging predators.

One of the benefits of concrete flooring is its low maintenance. Since it does not rot, this flooring option can last for a long time.

However, some disadvantages should be considered when choosing a concrete floor for a chicken coop. 

Initial installation can be quite expensive, and a concrete floor may not be as comfortable for chickens as softer materials like wood shavings or pine shavings.

When using concrete flooring, it is important to provide adequate insulation, especially in colder climates. This can be achieved by adding bedding materials such as wood chips, straw, or construction sand on top of the concrete to keep the chickens warm and comfortable. 

Adding rubber mats can also help provide extra insulation and comfort.

concrete chicken flooring

Linoleum and vinyl

Linoleum and vinyl flooring are popular options for chicken coop floors due to their affordability and ease of cleaning. They provide a smooth surface that can be quickly wiped down, offering better hygiene compared to dirt or wood flooring.

With linoleum and vinyl, chicken manure can be easily scraped away, reducing the risk of disease and making coop maintenance more manageable.

However, be cautious with self-stick tiles as they may not adhere well to plywood floors or wooden boards, and can separate due to differences in expansion and contraction rates between materials.

Instead, opt for roll-type flooring, which provides better adhesion and coverage for the entire floor, especially when using sheet vinyl.

Despite being relatively durable, linoleum and vinyl flooring may be vulnerable to damage from wood shavings, wood chips, or hardware cloth when used as bedding materials.

Additionally, moisture may seep beneath linoleum and vinyl, causing damage to wooden floors or concrete pad beneath. To mitigate moisture-related issues, consider utilizing rubber mats underneath the flooring.

vinyl chicken flooring

Painted Flooring

Painted flooring is a popular choice as it provides a waterproof surface that is easy to clean. This type of flooring can be applied on wooden floors, plywood floors, and even concrete flooring to enhance their durability.

Painted floors offer better protection against chicken manure, moisture, and bacteria growth, which are common concerns in a chicken coop.

One of the advantages of painted flooring is its versatility. It can be applied to various floor materials, such as wooden boards, concrete slabs, and plywood flooring. When combined with additional materials like wood shavings, pine shavings, or wood chips, it creates a comfortable and hygienic environment for the chickens.

However, the downside to painted flooring includes possible chipping and wear over time, which may require regular maintenance. Also, depending on the type of paint used, it may not be as durable or long-lasting as other flooring options like concrete floors or vinyl flooring.

painted wooden chicken coop floor


Plywood is a versatile and affordable option for chicken coop floors. It provides a smooth, even surface that’s easy to clean and maintain.

To enhance its durability, consider sealing the plywood floor with a weather-resistant paint or stain. This helps to protect the wood from moisture, chicken manure, and other elements that can lead to rot or damage.

Moreover, adding a layer of wood shavings or pine shavings on top of the plywood provides additional comfort and insulation for your chickens.

However, plywood floors may not be the most durable flooring option used for chicken coops. Over time, moisture and chicken waste can seep into the wood, causing the plywood to warp or degrade. 

To mitigate this, use thicker plywood or opt for a more durable flooring material…

Plywood flooring can also be combined with other materials for added protection. For example, covering the plywood with vinyl flooring or rubber mats can provide an extra layer of durability and make cleaning even easier.

Plywood chicken flooring

Rubber Mats

Rubber mats are a popular choice for chicken coop floors. They provide a comfortable surface for chickens while offering durability and easy maintenance. Rubber mats are easy to clean, as they can simply be hosed off or cleaned with a few drops of dish soap and warm water.

In comparison to other flooring options, such as wooden floors or concrete slabs, rubber matting offers several advantages.

For instance, it can insulate the coop by providing a barrier between the cold ground and the chickens, keeping them warm during colder months. Additionally, rubber mats reduce the risk of injury from slippery surfaces.

In contrast, rubber mats might be less breathable than other flooring materials like wood shavings or pine shavings, which can help absorb moisture and chicken poop. This can lead to a buildup of ammonia, which might impact the air quality inside the coop.

rubber chicken flooring

Rubber Roof Coat Material

Rubberized roof coat materials, such as Blackjack #57, have gained popularity among chicken keepers as an effective and affordable chicken coop floor liner.

This material, which is readily available at hardware stores and online, was originally designed to protect roofs from extreme weather conditions.

Its rubber coating completely seals the chicken coop floor, including the seams and the area where the wall meets the floor, making it a permanent part of the floor that is resistant to tearing or scraping off.

While some chicken keepers have reported that this material lasts indefinitely, it is important to consider the possibility of toxicity in the ingredients.

Therefore, it is recommended that you examine the ingredients carefully before use. Additionally, it is recommended that you cover the material with a very thick layer of bedding to prevent direct exposure to your chickens.

rubber roof coating chicken flooring

Wooden boards or slatted wood

Wooden boards or slatted wood are popular choices for chicken coop flooring due to their ease of installation and clean appearance. They provide a comfortable and sturdy surface for chickens to walk on, and when treated with a nontoxic sealer, can withstand moisture and chicken manure. 

Some popular woods for coop floors include cedar, redwood, and Douglas fir.

Using a wooden floor offers the benefit of insulation, which can keep the chickens comfortable in cold climates. 

However, wooden floors may be more challenging to clean compared to other flooring options, such as concrete or vinyl. It is important to keep the floor dry to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi that can harm your flock’s health.

In terms of durability, wooden floors may need replacement sooner than other materials like concrete or rubber mats. Using hardware cloth or construction sand as a base for the wooden floor can help prolong its lifespan.

slanted wood chicken flooring

Wire Flooring

Wire flooring in a chicken coop is an option to consider for maintaining cleanliness and promoting coop safety. This type of floor utilizes wire mesh as the main material and allows for easy waste removal and air circulation.

One of the main benefits of using chicken wire for flooring is the reduced risk of disease and pests. Since the droppings fall through the wire mesh, the chickens are discouraged from walking on their own waste, thus reducing the chances of bacterial and parasitic infections.

However, using wire flooring may cause discomfort for the chickens due to the hard, uneven surface. To mitigate this issue, bedding can be added on top of the wire mesh, offering a more comfortable and secure resting area.

Additionally, it is important to select a wire floor with openings small enough that the chickens’ feet don’t get caught, but large enough for waste to pass through.

wire chicken flooring

What Type of Bedding is Recommended for a Chicken Coop to Be Used on a Newly Installed Floor?

When selecting bedding for a chicken coop, the right flooring material plays a vital role in maintaining a clean, healthy environment for your chickens. Among the best flooring materials are wood shavings, pine shavings, and wood chips.

Wood shavings offer excellent absorbency and odor control, making them a popular choice for chicken coop bedding. Pine shavings, in particular, have a natural, pleasant scent and are readily available at most stores.

Wood chips provide a durable and long-lasting bedding option. They help to keep the coop floor dry and well-insulated while offering a comfortable surface for chickens to walk on.

Aside from these options, using floor liners such as rubber mats or sheet vinyl can improve the coop floor’s durability and cleanliness. 

Rubber mats offer an easy-to-clean, slip-resistant surface, while sheet vinyl provides a water-resistant, seamless floor covering throughout.

To maintain optimal conditions in your chicken coop, ensure that the chosen bedding material is kept fresh and clean. 

Regularly remove soiled bedding and replace it with a fresh ground layer to promote the health and well-being of your feathered friends.

wood shavings chicken bed

How Thick Should a Chicken Coop Floor Be?

For concrete floors, a thickness of 2 to 3 inches is recommended to provide a durable, easy-to-clean surface that will withstand the weight of the chickens and their activity.

Wood floors, on the other hand, should be at least 3/4 inches thick. This is because wood is more susceptible to wear and damage from moisture and chicken droppings. A thicker wood floor will provide better support and longevity.

When it comes to dirt flooring, there’s more flexibility in terms of thickness. However, a thick layer of at least 4 to 6 inches of compacted dirt is advised to ensure proper drainage and to create a solid foundation for the chickens to walk on.

dirt flooring

Do You Need Mesh on Floor of Chicken Coop?

Chicken coop flooring plays a significant role in the health and overall well-being of your chickens. When considering chicken coop flooring options, one aspect that comes to mind is whether to use mesh on the floor of the chicken coop.

Using hardware cloth as a mesh floor can provide certain benefits. Firstly, it aids in proper ventilation, allowing air to circulate and reducing the build-up of ammonia from chicken droppings. Secondly, it helps deter predators from digging underneath the chicken run coop to gain access.

Constant exposure to hard surfaces like hardware cloth may result in foot injuries or discomfort to the chickens. Furthermore, managing their waste might be difficult, as droppings can fall through and pile up below the coop. This can lead to health issues if not cleaned regularly.

Ultimately, the decision to use mesh flooring depends on your specific needs, location, and the health of your chickens. Considering factors such as your climate, coop size, and predator risk can help determine the best flooring solution for your particular chicken coop.

mesh flooring

How Do You Waterproof a Chicken Coop Floor?

Waterproofing a chicken coop floor is essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment for your chickens. To waterproof a wooden floor, start by applying a layer of ground cork dust to fill any gaps or cracks. 

After that, secure a sheet of high-quality plywood to the original wooden floor for added protection. Make sure to seal the edges and joints with a waterproof sealant.

For concrete flooring, ensure the concrete pad slopes away from the chicken coop to prevent water from pooling inside. 

Adding a floor liner made of durable materials, like vinyl or rubber, provides an extra waterproof barrier. Sheet vinyl is a popular choice for its seamless application and easy cleaning.

In addition to waterproofing methods, proper ventilation and regular cleaning of chicken coops will prevent moisture buildup and contribute to a healthy environment for your flock.

rubber floor lining

How Do I Keep My Chicken Coop Floor Clean?

Chicken coop cleanliness is essential for the well-being of your birds. One of the main concerns for many chicken keepers is managing chicken manure on the coop floor. A clean floor minimizes odor and reduces the risk of disease in your flock.

To maintain a low maintenance chicken coop, start by removing chicken poop daily. This can be done using a rake, shovel, or broom. Regular spot cleaning helps maintain a healthy environment for your chickens and makes deep cleaning easier.

Every few weeks, perform a deep cleaning by removing everything from the coop, including bedding. 

Scrub the floor, roosts, and nesting boxes with a mild detergent or vinegar solution to sanitize these areas. A pressure washer can be particularly helpful during this process, as it ensures thorough removal of any lingering dirt and grime.

After deep cleaning, allow all surfaces to dry completely before adding fresh bedding and returning your chickens to their coop. By following these steps, most chicken keepers can efficiently manage coop cleanliness and create a healthy environment for their birds.

cleaning chicken coop

What to Do with Chicken Poop after Cleaning Coop?

Chicken poop is a valuable resource that can be used to improve your garden and your chickens’ environment. One great option is to use chicken poop as a fertilizer for your vegetable garden. 

This can be done by composting the poop before applying it to your garden beds. Composting helps to break down the waste, making it safe for plants and reducing odors.

Another option is to use the waste in your chickens’ dust baths. Mixing chicken poop with construction sand can create a natural dust bath that helps to keep your chickens healthy. Dust baths can help control parasites and improve the skin and feather health of your chickens.

If you have a concrete slab or similar surface in your chicken coop, consider using the poop as a natural sealant. 

Once the poop has been cleaned from the coop, you can mix it with water and apply it to the concrete. This can help to seal small cracks and holes, making the coop floor more durable and easier to clean.

Remember to always wear gloves when handling chic

chicken poop manure

Do Chickens Like a Clean Coop?

Chickens do prefer a clean environment, and maintaining a clean coop is essential for their health and happiness. A clean hen house helps prevent diseases and ensures the wellbeing of your flock. Regularly removing droppings and replacing bedding will keep chickens warm and comfortable.

Chicken owners must also consider the coop floor materials when raising chickens. Pressure treated wood is a suitable option, as it provides a stable and non-slippery surface for chickens’ feet. 

Slippery surfaces can lead to foot injuries or a chicken getting its foot stuck, causing stress to the birds. Providing traction on coop floors, with materials like sand or straw, helps keep their feet healthy.

In addition to cleanliness, proper ventilation and insulation play a vital role in maintaining a comfortable environment inside the coop. This helps prevent respiratory issues and frostbite, improving the overall health of your flock. 

By taking these measures, chicken owners can provide a safe and clean space for their chickens to thrive.

clean chicken coop
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Oliver Wright
Oliver Wright

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