Are chilli peppers a fruit or a vegetable?

Some people believe that chilli peppers are a vegetable, while others argue they’re a fruit.

Relatively little is known about the chilli pepper, and until this day we’ve been wondering…

What are chilli peppers? Is it fruit or vegetable?

One of the things that makes us so curious about Chillies is their cultural diversity. Are they more like a hot fiery fruit or an exotic spicy leafy green?

The answer to this question may seem simple, but there is actually quite a bit of debate on the topic. 

There is a lot of information out there about chilli peppers and it can be quite confusing. But be rest assured, we have you covered!

In this article, we will explore whether or not chilli peppers should be classified as fruits or vegetables and what effects it has if you get them wrong!

Are chilli peppers a fruit or a vegetable

Table of Contents

Is a chilli pepper classed as a fruit?

A chilli pepper can be considered a fruit because it is the seed-bearing part of the plant. It’s from this that they get their nutrients and grow, so in this sense, it would make them more like a fruit than anything else.

However, there are other parts to consider when asking what classifies as fruits or vegetables: flavourings and textures. Peppers have quite a distinctive taste which makes them unlike any other type of food; while some people enjoy this spiciness, others may not find it so appealing!

Peppers also have an unusual texture that distinguishes them from most veggies; though still soft enough to eat without chewing, they’re far too hard for someone with sensitive teeth to chew through easily – making them much more like fruits than vegetables.

dried chili peppers

So does that definitely make a chilli a fruit?

Per the botanical classification, a chilli is most definitely a fruit and more specifically it is technically classified as being a berry (mind-blowing, we know, we will go into more detail about this later).

Some controversy arises over whether chillies are a fruit or a vegetable because the most common classification does not always match what might be accurate according to science. An example of this is with tomatoes-we refer to them as vegetables, but scientific classification says they are actually fruits just like the chilli pepper.

Here are a few assorted examples of fruit that are typically seen as vegetables:

  • Peanuts
  • Cucumbers
  • Beans
  • Eggplants
  • Corn
  • Pumpkins

Chillis from a culinary perspective

When looking at things from a culinary perspective, many fruits are treated as vegetables; the distinction is generally based on whether or not they’re sweet or savoury.

Sweet, they’re a fruit; savoury, they’re a vegetable. This definition would include milder types of chilli pepper such as green ones which are often used as the plant material for vegetables.

A good example is jalapeno poppers – a delicious starter to an elegant meal or simple party snack. Another closer example would be chili Rellenos – a dish originating from the city of Puebla in Mexico.

Dried chilis are sometimes used as a spicy addition to warm up or spice sauteed meat. When dried in the form of powder or flakes, they are treated as a spice, which can also be considered a fruit.

Even the culinary world is unsure what classification to give chilli peppers. It’s not as simple as just putting them into the category of fruit or vegetable; when you take deeper analysis, it becomes more complex.

chili peppers originated

Are Chillies a Berry?

Yes! Chillies are berries. Botanical classification defines a berry as the seed-bearing part of the plant that is not woody and does not include nuts or grains. The most common type of fruit, come in different sizes and colours with varying degrees of sweetness (e.g., strawberries).

A pepper’s nearest relatives are tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant and various other vegetables; all classified as plants since their seeds grow inside rather than outside as many fruits do.

So to answer our question about whether chilli peppers should be classed as a vegetable: yes they can be considered either way because it depends on what you want them for. They’re more accurately classed as being a vegetable if eaten cooked but when eaten raw, they’re more like a fruit.

Are Chillis any Less Healthy for you Because they are a Fruit?

A common misconception about chillies is that they are not healthy because they’re a fruit. In reality, there’s no evidence to suggest this at all! No matter what form you have them in – whether it be fried or raw – the nutritional benefits of chilli peppers remain unchanged.

As with any food, moderation should always play an important role in how much we consume; but as far as their healthiness goes, one cannot say more than can go either way since fruits and vegetables work differently for various people.

chili peppers natural range

Is it Safe to Eat Chilli Leaves?

Once cooked, chilli leaves from a few common Capsicum species are safe to eat in small quantities.

These include:

  • Capsicum Annuum
  • Capsicum Chinense
  • Capsicum Frutescens

People consume the leaves of some varieties of Capsicum frutescens in small quantities, primarily for their flavour. The plant is part of the nightshade family and should not be eaten in large quantities or consumed fresh.

Some plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae) contain solanine and groups of closely related chemicals that are known to be toxic to humans. The amount of these chemicals present in chilli leaves is not well researched, and it’s likely that this varies based on growing conditions and genetics. In other species from the Solanaceous family, like potatoes, it may also be true.

So if you’re concerned about the health risks of chilli leaves, it is important to note that they have been part of the Asian cuisine for a while. That said, potatoes are known to carry traces of toxins like solanine so you shouldn’t be alarmed by small levels on chilli leaves too.

hot pepper

Other chilli related questions...

Are Chillies and Peppers the Same Thing?

Hot chillies and sweet peppers come from the same plant family, but there’s a gene that controls whether they’re spicy or not. The recessive ‘sweet’ gene stops capsaicin production, giving fruits like bell peppers their mild flavour.

Do Jalapenos Count as Vegetables?

A jalapeno is a fruit. It’s part of the capsicum family which are plants that produce fruits or berries.

Is Capsicum a Fruit?

Capsicum is the correct term for both sweet and hot peppers. The term refers to the genus that contains all species of chillies, including ones that are not spicy at all.

capsicum chilies

Are chillies perennial?

There are a couple of different species of chilli pepper, but these peppers can be perennial in tropical and subtropical regions. In temperate climates, they need to be grown as an annual plant due to their frost sensitivity. Some varieties may require more water than others (depending on the soil type) so you might want to experiment with various types when cultivating them at home.

Are chillies addictive?

Chilli peppers are addictive because of their unique flavour, but they also cause an intense burning sensation in your mouth.

The spice is typically measured on the Scoville scale, which measures its heat from 0 (no spice) to 100,000 SHU (extremely hot). The average chilli pepper has about 5000-10000 SHU.

These days there are so many different types that it’s difficult to find a single variety with just one level of spiciness – some ingredients may be hotter than others due to where they were grown or what type of seeds were used during cultivation.

Are chillies self-pollinating?

Chilli peppers are self-pollinating, meaning that they only need one plant in order to produce seeds. You can differentiate between these plants by looking at their head shape – some have round heads while others have pointed ones.

The flowers of this type of pepper will either be yellow or white and grow on the top part of the stem. The fruit is typically green when it’s young, but turns red as it matures.

In terms of harvest time, chillies usually take about two months before they’re mature enough to pick from your garden (although we recommend harvesting them earlier than that). Each individual plant will yield anywhere around 200-1200 fruits after reaching maturity!

bell pepper

What is the hottest chilli in the world?

The hottest chilli in the world is believed to be the Carolina Reaper, which has a Scoville rating of over two million SHU. This plant originally comes from South America and was bred by Ed Currie in North Carolina.

There are three main factors that make this pepper so hot: their low pungency (compared to other peppers), high amount of oils, and extra-long flower stems with lots of capsaicin – meaning it’s more difficult for the heat to dissipate before you eat them!

This also means that these chillies can take up residence inside your mouth or stomach for quite some time due to their prolonged spicy effect.

Are chillies acidic?

Chillies are acidic because of their high levels of acidity, which comes from the chemical compound capsaicin. This substance is found in other foods too but it’s usually diluted among many different ingredients – with chilli peppers, however, there can be up to 100% concentration.

This means that you might need an extra glass of water when eating them as they will cause your mouth to become dry and tingly!

In addition to this burning sensation, these peppers may also contain some vitamin C (although not nearly as much as citrus fruits) so if taken in moderation you should have no problem getting all the benefits without any risk for adverse side effects.

chilli seeds

Can you keep chilli plants over winter?

You can keep chilli plants over winter by placing them in a pot and burying it under the soil. This will help give your plant enough moisture to stay alive through colder temperatures, but make sure that you add some sort of insulation for the roots (like straw or leaves) so they remain warm! Another way to keep them warm over the colder months, try putting them in a cold frame.

If these peppers are just going to be grown as annuals then this might not work because they require warmer climates with plenty of sunlight. For example, in temperate regions, the weather is usually too harsh by November for any type of vegetation to survive outside – much less one that needs lots of water like chilli peppers do.

Can chillies damage eyes?

Yes, chilli peppers can damage eyes because of their acidity and the fact that they are spicy. Normally when you eat them it’s not a problem as your mouth will react to this first – but if you get any chilli liquid in contact with your eye for example then this could cause temporary blindness until the area has time to heal. This is why people often wear goggles or gloves while handling these types of plants so there isn’t an accident.

Are there poisonous chillies?

There are three types of chilli peppers:

A) Mild, which is just a little spicy with no major side effects. These can be eaten straight or mixed into dishes without much issue. They go well in soups and stews for example because they keep the flavour more mild tasting.

B) Medium-hot, which still tastes delicious but might leave you coughing afterwards (think spices like cayenne pepper). This type would also make it harder to taste other flavours that may not work as well together – so if adding beef sauce to your meal think about buying low sodium versions instead!

C) EXTREME HOT AND POTENTIALLY HARMFUL IF INGESTED WITHOUT PROCESSING OR CAUTION. If you do not know how to process these properly and are careless when handling them, this can be dangerous if the person ingesting isn’t used to it.

Share your love
Default image
Oliver Wright

I hope you enjoy reading some of the content and ideas from this site, I tend to share articles and product reviews on a daily basis, so be rest assured… you won’t run out of things to read!

Articles: 263